About Nasal Polyps

Symptoms of polyps include nasal congestion, sinusitis, loss of smell, thick nasal discharge, facial pressure, nasal speech, and mouth breathing. As polyps grow larger, they eventually prolapse into the nasal cavity resulting in symptoms. The most prominent symptom of nasal polyps is blockage of the nasal passage. The exact cause is unclear.  They may be related to chronic inflammation of the lining of the sinuses. They occur more commonly among people who have allergies, cystic fibrosis, aspirin sensitivity, or certain infections. The polyp itself represents an overgrowth of the mucous membranes. Diagnosis may occur by looking up the nose.


Nasal Polyp Treatment

Treatment is typically with steroids, often in the form of a spray. If this is not effective, surgery may be considered. The condition often recurs following surgery; thus, continued use of a steroid nasal spray is often recommended. Antihistamines may help with symptoms but do not change the underlying disease. Antibiotics are not required for treatment unless an infection occurs. A new treatment with biologic medication may be warranted for recurrent nasal polyp disease. Learn more about nasal polyp treatment here.

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